THE EFFECT OF AGE
ON WORLD’S LEADERS: Why Africa May Not Develop.
Despite the
stereotype that an older leader is a wiser leader, age and wisdom are not
always directly connected. Aging affects leadership in several different ways.
Some people become more effective leaders as they get older and some become
less effective.
A 2011 thesis
presented at the University Of Queensland School Of Psychology studied the
relationship between age and wisdom among older leaders. The study defined
wisdom as ‘a combination of relevant knowledge, understanding of context,
tolerance for different views and values and the ability to deal with the
inevitable uncertainties of life effectively’
. The study found that
leaders who were perceived as having these traits were also seen as being the
most effective leaders and that those who were adept at handling uncertainty
were considered especially effective. However, despite the correlation between
wisdom and effective leadership, the study found no link between age and wisdom
or between age and leadership skills. Some older leaders demonstrated higher
levels of wisdom and more effective leadership skills while others happened to
be abysmal! The Queensland study did not provide support for the idea that
leaders become wiser with age.
Here is a
compilation of the Names and age of some world leaders accumulated according to
their continent’s position.
Country – Capital –
Name of Leader – Age
ASIA
     Afghanistan  – Kabul – Ashraf Ghani 69
    Armenia – Yerevan -Armen Sarkissian 65
    Azerbaijan – Baku – Ilham Aliyev 56
    Bangladesh – Dhaka – Abdul Hamid 74
    China – Beijing – Xi Jinping 65
    Cyprus – Nicosia – Nicos Anastasiades 71
    Georgia – Tbilisi – Giorgi Margvelashvili
48
    India – New Delhi – Ram Nath Kovind 72
    Indonesia – Jakarta – Joko Widodo 57
    Iran – Tehran – Hassan Rouhani 69
    Iraq – Baghdad – Fuad Masum 80
    Israel – Jerusalem – Reuven Rivlin 78
    Japan – Tokyo – Shinzō Abe 64
    Lebanon – Beirut – Michel Aoun 81
    Malaysia – Kuala Lumpur – Mahathir Mohamad
92
    Nepal – Kathmandu – Bidhya Devi Bhandari 57
    North Korea – Pyongyang – Kim Jong-un  35
    Pakistan – Islamabad – Mamnoon Hussain 77
    Palestine – Jerusalem(East) – Mahmoud Abbas
83
    Philippines – Manila – Rodrigo Roa Duterte
73
    Singapore – Singapore – Halimah Yacob 63
(F)
    South Korea – Seoul – Moon Jae-in 65
    Sri Lanka – Sri Jayawardenepura –
Maithripala Sirisena 66
    Syria – Damascus – Bashar al-Assad 52
    Taiwan – Taipei – Tsai Ing-wen 61
    Thailand – Bangkok – Prayut Chan-o-cha 64
    United Arab Emirates – Abu Dhabi – Khalifa
bin Zayed Al Nahyan 69
    Uzbekistan – Tashkent – Shavkat Mirziyoyev
61
    Vietnam – Hanoi – Trn
Đ
i
Quang 61
Average age: 64
EUROPE
    Albania – Tirana – Ilir Meta 49
    Armenia – Yerevan – Armen Sarkissian 65
    Austria – Vienna – Alexander Van der Bellen
74
    Belarus – Minsk – Alexander Lukashenko 63
    Belgium – Brussels – Charles Michel 42
    Bosnia and Herzegovina – Sarajevo – Mladen
Ivanić 59
    Bulgaria – Sofia – Rumen Radev 55
    Croatia – Zagreb – Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
50 (F)
    Cyprus – Nicosia – Nicos Anastasiades 71
    Czech – Republic Prague – Miloš Zeman 73
    Denmark – Copenhagen – Lars Løkke Rasmussen
54
    Estonia – Tallinn – Kersti Kaljulaid 48
    Finland – Helsinki – Sauli Niinistö 69
    France – Paris – Emmanuel Macron 40
    Georgia – Tbilisi – Giorgi Margvelashvili
48
    Germany – Berlin – Frank-Walter Steinmeie
62
    Greece – Athens – Prokopis Pavlopoulos 68
    Hungary – Budapest – János Áder 59
    Iceland – Reykjavik – Guðni Th. Jóhannesson
50
    Ireland – Dublin – Michael D. Higgins 77
    Italy – Rome – Sergio Mattarella 77
    Lithuania – Vilnius – Dalia Grybauskaitė 62
    Macedonia – Skopje – Gjorge Ivanov 58
    Netherlands – Amsterdam – Mark Rutte 51
    Poland – Warsaw – Andrzej Duda 46
    Portugal – Lisbon – Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
69
    Romania – Bucharest – Klaus Iohannis 59
    Russia – Moscow – Vladimir Putin 65
    Slovakia – Bratislava – Andrej Kiska 65
    Slovenia – Ljubljana – Borut Pahor 54
    Spain – Madrid – Pedro Sanchez 46
    Sweden – Stockholm – Stefan Löfven 61
    Switzerland – Bern – Alain Berset 45
    Turkey – Ankara – Tayyip Erdoğan 64
    Ukraine – Kyiv (AKA: Kiev) – Petro
Poroshenko 52
    United Kingdom – London – Theresa May 61
(F)
Average age: 58
NORTH AMERICA
    Antigua and Barbuda – Saint John’s – Gaston
Browne 51
    Bahamas – Nassau – Hubert Minnis 64
    Barbados – Bridgetown – Mia Amor Mottley 52
    Belize – Belmopan – Dean Barrow 67
    Canada – Ottawa – Justin Pierre James
Trudeau 46
    Costa Rica – San Jose – Carlos Alvarado
Quesada 38
    Cuba – Havana – Miguel Díaz-Canel 58
    Dominican Republic – Santo Domingo – Danilo
Medina 66
    Grenada – Saint George’s – Keith Claudius
Mitchell 71
    Guatemala – Guatemala City – Jimmy Morales
49
    Haiti – Port-au-Prince – Jovenel Moïse 50
    Honduras – Tegucigalpa – Juan Orlando
Hernández 49
    Jamaica – Kingston – Andrew Holness 46
    Mexico – Mexico City – Enrique Peña Nieto
52
    Panama – Panama City – Juan Carlos Varela
54
    Trinidad and Tobago – Port of Spain –
Paula-Mae Weekes 59 (F)
    United States of America – Washington, DC.
– Donald Trump 72
Average age: 55
SOUTH AMERICA
    Argentina – Buenos Aires – Mauricio Macri
59
    Bolivia – Sucre – Evo Morales 59
    Brazil – Brasilia – Michel Temer 78
    Chile – Santiago – Sebastián Piñera 68
    Colombia – Bogotá – Iván Duque Márquez 42
    Ecuador – Quito – Lenín Moreno 65
    Guyana – Georgetown – David A. Granger 73
    Paraguay – Asunción – Mario Abdo Benítez 47
    Peru – Lima – Martín Vizcarra 55
    Uruguay – Montevideo – Tabaré Vázquez 78
    Venezuela – Caracas – Nicolás Maduro 56
Average age: 61
AUSTRALIA AND
OCEANIA
    Australia – Canberra – Scott Morrison 50
    Fiji – Suva – Jioji Konrote 70
    Kiribati – Tarawa – Taneti Mamau 58
    Micronesia – Palikir – Peter M. Christian
71
    New Zealand – Wellington – Jacinda Ardern
38 (F)
    Palau – Ngerulmud – Thomas Remengesau Jr.
62
    Papua New Guinea – Port Moresby – Peter
Charles Paire O’Neil 49
    Samoa – Apia – Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele – 73
Average age: 58
AFRICA
    Algeria – Algiers – Abdelaziz Bouteflika 81
    Angola – Luanda – João Lourenço 64
    Benin – Porto-Novo – Patrice Talon 60
    Botswana – Gaborone – Mokgweetsi Masisi 57
    Burkina Faso – Ouagadougou – Roch Kaboré 61
    Burundi – Bujumbura – Pierre Nkurunziza 54
    Cape Verde – Praia – Jorge Carlos Fonseca
68
    Cameroon – Yaounde – Paul Biya 85
    Central African Republic – Bangui –
Faustin-Archange Touadéra 61
    Chad – N’Djamena – Idriss Déby 66
    Comoros – Moroni – Azali Assoumani 60
    Cote d’Ivoire – Yamoussoukro – Alassane
Ouattara 76
    Djibouti – Djibouti (city) – Ismaïl Omar
Guelleh 72
    Egypt – Cairo – Abdel Fattah EL-íí
64
    Equatorial Guinea – Malabo – Teodoro
Mbasogo 76
    Eritrea – Asmara – Isaias Afwerki 72
    Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) – Mbabane –
Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini 50
    Ethiopia – Addis Ababa – Mulatu Teshome 63
    Gabon – Libreville – Ali Bongo Ondimba 59
    Gambia – Banjul – Adama Barrow 53
    Ghana – Accra – Nana Akufo-Addo 74
    Guinea – Conakry – Alpha Condé 80
    Guinea Bissau – Bissau – José Mário Vaz 60
    Kenya – Nairobi – Uhuru Kenyatta 57
    Lesotho – Maseru – Tom Thabane 79
    Liberia – Monrovia – George Weah 52
    Libya – Tripoli – Fayez al-Sarraj 58
    Madagascar – Antananarivo – Olivier
Mahafaly Solonandrasana 54
    Malawi – Lilongwe – Peter Mutharika 79
    Mali – Bamako – Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta 73
    Mauritania – Nouakchott – Mohamed Ould
Abdel Aziz 61
    Mauritius – Port Louis – Pravind Jugnauth
56
    Morocco – Rabat – Saadeddine Othmani 62
    Mozambique – Maputo – Filipe Nyusi 59
    Namibia – Windhoek – Hage Geingob 77
    Niger – Niamey – Mahamadou Issoufou 66
    Nigeria – FCT Abuja – Muhammadu Buhari 75
    Rwanda – Kigali – Paul Kagame 61
    Senegal – Dakar – Macky Sall 56
    Seychelles – Victoria – Danny Faure 56
    Sierra Leone – Freetown – Julius Maada Bio
54
    Somalia – Mogadishu – Mohamed Abdullahi
Mohammed 56
    South Africa – Cape Town – Cyril Ramaphosa
66
    Sudan – Khartoum – Omar al-Bashir 74
    Tanzania – Dodoma – John Magufuli 59
    Togo – Lomé – Faure Gnassingbé 52
    Tunisia – Tunis – Beji Caid Essebsi 91
    Uganda – Kampala – Yoweri Museveni 74
    Zambia – Lusaka – Edgar Lungu 62
    Zimbabwe – Harare – Emmerson Mnangagwa 76
Average age: 66
According to
Business Insider,
The average age of the
ten oldest African leaders is 78.5, compared to 52 for the world’s ten
most-developed economies.
This is paradoxical
to the fact that Africa has the youngest population in the world.
This research was
conducted this month using the scope of study of active/current leaders around
the world. The sampling and population size was of course reduced to 152
countries, 152 leaders rather than the total number of countries in the world,
195. This simply means that, about 43 number of countries was omitted, deliberately.
According to world meter, China happen to the country with largest population,
Nigeria is the only African country among the top 10, number 7 precisely. Now,
the major objective of this research was to ASCERTAIN, THE EFFECT OF AGE OF
LEADERS ON CONTINENTAL DEVELOPMENT.
Many of us have had
to deal with African leaders who live like forever been a leader of a country
in Africa, and we have the likes of Gaddafi, Mugabe amongst other. This
research basically was to consider, if age level of world leaders have an
effect on their country’s and continent development.
The norm was set at
age 60 and below and using simple percentile frequency (Average level)
Considering this,
the result shows that:
Asia is having an
average age of 64, after the sampling of 30 countrys’ leaders
Europe is having an
average age of 58, after the sampling of 36 countries’ leaders
North America is
having an average age of 55, after the sampling of 36 countries’ leaders
South America is
having an average age 61, after the sampling of 11 countries’ leaders
Australia and
Oceania is having an average age of 58, after the sampling of 8 countries’
leaders.
Africa is having an
average age of 66, after the sampling of 50 countries’ leaders.
The result of this
research also reveals the world leaders who are female. And a total number of 5
leaders in the world are actually females, 1 in Asia, 2 in Europe, 1 in North
America, 1 in Australia and Oceania, while South America and Africa have a record
of 0.
Also, the research
shows that, Africa has the highest average age of 66. And Africa is the most underdeveloped
continent.
This research was
not conducted for the economical purpose, but the mental state of individuals
who are mounting the leadership position in Africa. The norm was set against
its counterpart, developed continent as the case maybe, Europe, who is on the
average of 58.
Africa has also
been recorded to have the highest age range of 70-100 of more than 15 leaders
who are on the retirement age. Take for instance, Nigeria, the average age of
leaders who has taken power in the past 10years is 60, while they will spend 2
terms on the years of 4 each. Apparently, they will be leaving office at age 68
which is way past the retirement age set at 60. Invariably, to achieve a
distinct on leaders productive age is considering age around 52 (at least),
getting to office at that age will make them fall in line with the retirement
age of 60.
Now the question
is, who among the leaders today in Africa, even in Nigeria, the presidential
aspirants of today can achieve that for Nigerians? You’re laughing I guess.
From the research, only 3 African leaders is able to meet up with this
benchmark who are, the Eswatini (Swaziland) leader, Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini
age 50, Liberia leader, George Weah age 52, and the Togo leader, Faure
Gnassingbé age 52.
“We
See People In Wheelchairs Unable To Raise Hands Standing For Election. This Is
A Joke; …The Whole World Already Laughing At Us”…
Mohammed Ibrahim
(Founder, Mo Ibrahim Foundation)
Source: Mccollybright.blogspot.com.ng

About The Author: Adeshile Adekolajo

Adeshile
Adekolajo is a graduate from the University of Abuja, He works for Ntel
Nigeria and we owns – Mccollybright.blogspot.com

He
is a writer, blogger and poet, to read more of his interesting and
educative articles, please log on to – mccollybright.blogspot.com.ng

Oluwole Olusanya
Oluwole Olusanya is the Founder and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of one of the fastest-growing lifestyle and entertainment website in the country. He is a banker, writer, blogger, public affairs analyst and a tax consultant. He anchors Trending Topics on SHEFFA where he shares his thoughts and opinions on trending issues. He is currently studying for a Master’s Degree in Business Administration at the University of South Wales, Wales, United Kingdom. He has diplomas in Banking and Finance, Investigative Journalism, Creative Writing, and Linguistics from Lagos State Polytechnic, Isolo, Lagos, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland and The Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom.