How to Build a Garden in a Square Meter

Do you think that gardening is not for you and
your backyard is too small to grow anything but lawn grass? See how
professional and amateur gardeners manage to make the most of their tiny garden
beds. With our tips and tricks you can build a small but rich garden and enjoy
fresh seasonal veggies of your own.
Bright Side shares some useful tips on how to
make the most of a small piece of land and enjoy an abundance of fresh seasonal
Choose the right plants.
Decide on the range of veggies you would like
to grow in your garden. Cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, radishes, and
herbs are just a few crops that can be easily planted and grown together. If
you are a novice gardener, choose plants that do not need special care and grow
well in the local climate.
It’s a good idea to plant crops that can
produce many fruits on just one plant.
For example, choose cherry tomatoes
instead of big ones and you will be guaranteed plenty of tasty and sweet fruits
with a little effort.
2. Plan
and arrange
There are almost no restrictions on what to
plant, but the layout of the vegetable garden is really important. It can be an
ordinary garden bed or a raised garden bed. Choose a raised garden bed if you
plan to grow root crops. Make sure this area gets enough sunlight during the
Split the garden bed into square segments that
are the same size. As a rule each square meter of land can be divided into 9-12
square segments. Each crop is planted in its own segment in such a way that all
the plants have space for growing and getting enough sunlight.

Divide the vegetables you have chosen into 3
plants that grow vertically (tomatoes, cucumbers, peas, and green
beans), big plants that need more space (cabbage, cauliflower, eggplants, and
peppers) and small plants (radishes, carrots, spinach, onions, lettuce, and
 How to Build a Garden in a Square Meter
Put vertical plants in the farther rows of
segments, big plants — in the middle, and small plants — in the front.
sure that the front segments face the sun most of the day. The main idea of
this layout is that vertical plants do not cast a shadow on crops that grow in
the middle and in the front rows.
You can plant vertical and big plants, like tomatoes,
cucumbers, eggplants, and cabbage, one per square segment as they need a lot
space to grow. As for smaller plants, like radishes and herbs, there can be 5,
6 or even more per segment, depending on the size of the mature plants.
3. Take
care of your garden.
Vertical plants need support. It’s a good idea
to use wooden sticks for tomatoes and trellis or grids made of durable
for cucumbers to prevent them from falling onto each other. Using
trellis to grow cucumbers and other climbing plants also helps to save space.
You can also use a wooden tepee to grow cucumbers or sweet peas.
Take care of fertilization and watering. To
make watering easier you can use a system of pipes that will distribute the
necessary amount of water and fertilizer in the garden bed or just use a bottle
as a dripper.
Draw a map of your future garden before you
start planting. The map will help you plan the arrangement of vegetables and
herbs. It’s better to change the location of plants every season to keep the soil
nutritious. If you want to make the most of the soil, replace peas and beans
with tomatoes, then plant lettuce and spinach, replace them with cabbage, after
that plant root crops, and then come back to peas and beans again.
It’s also a good idea to add a handful of
organic granular fertilizer into each segment of soil when planting.
4. Make
the most of the space you have.
Even if you don’t have a square piece of land
at the backyard, you can still build your little garden. You can create it by
planting climbing or vertical crops next to your fence which will serve as a
support. If you don’t have a backyard, just plant some herbs and leafy greens
in a flower pot on your balcony.
5. Be
The less space you have, the more creativity it
takes to build a garden. You can plant small leafy greens or herbs under the
trees growing in your garden or if you are brave enough for experiments, use
plastic bottles instead of garden beds. They are small, but they can fit enough
soil for lettuce, herbs, radishes, or even onions. You can attach these
improvised garden beds to a fence and create a small vertical garden like this.
Who said that flower beds are for flowers only?
Try planting some herbs or lettuce into your flower bed and amaze your friends
and family with a curious landscape design.
If you have no place for a garden at all, place
a few flower pots with herbs on your veranda or outdoor kitchen.
6. Enjoy
the crops
A tiny vegetable garden managed in this way is
a lot fun and the most amazing part of it is the freedom to experiment. Even if
your garden is the size of a postage stamp, by following these little tricks
you can reap bounty. Just give it a try!
Have you ever tried to build a garden in a
limited space? Do you have some useful tips to share? Feel free to tell us
about your experience in the comments!
Kayode Ojo
Kayode Emmanuel Ojo is the Co-Founder and Managing Director at SHEFFA Limited. He is presently studying Computer Science at the National Open University, Victoria Island, Lagos.