How to Pair Wine with Food: A Primer

Don’t let matching wine and food leave you feeling glass-half-full


Dinner paired with wine


Written by RJ Firchau


You may know the old saying “red with meat, white with fish/poultry.” And sure, there is some truth to that. But that’s just skimming the surface of all the myriad possibilities when it comes to pairing wine and food. Now, you may be starting to conjure up images of that one bottle of cheap red wine you have saved in your pantry for a rainy day, and asking yourself why you need to care about wine pairings when you only ever have 1 bottle on deck.


The simple solution? Buy more wine, build up your palate, and keep reading.


Admittedly, wine and food pairing is a subjective endeavor. What tastes good to you might not taste so great to someone else, and so on and so forth. However, having a little wine pairing knowledge in your back pocket to impress your guests or your date is certainly not a bad move. So, without further ado, here is your wine and food pairing primer.

The Basics of Wine Pairing


Wine pairing is an art form that can be explored for years. If you’re not a cook with Michelin star ambitions or a fancy French restaurant sommelier, you probably only need to be familiar with the basics to get you started.


Rule 1: Aim to Complement, not Overpower


Think of wine as an extra seasoning or spice for your food. Different seasonings will interact differently with your meal, so it’s up to you to season it right. Some flavor pairings are simply destined for one another. Here are a few solid pairing tips:

  1. Acidic foods demand acidic wines
  2. Fatty foods demand tannins (What are tannins? Find out here)
  3. Spicy foods demand sweet wines
  4. Salty foods demand sweet—preferably sparkling—wines
  5. Sweet foods demand sweeter wines

Rule 2: Match Intensities


If everything else about pairing wine and food trips you up, this is an easy, foolproof rule to live by. When pairing wine and foods, matching the intensity is a quick way of ensuring that one element doesn’t overpower the other. So, match your delicate wines with delicate meals (salad, vegetables, fish, poached eggs), your moderately hearty wines with moderately hearty meals (baked chicken, creamy pasta), and your strong, bold wines with strong, rich meals (braised beef, spicy curry).


Rule 3: Let the Dominant Flavor Guide Your Pairing


If your dish is going to have a lot going on in the flavor department, choose the most outstanding, noticeable flavor and pair that with your wine (so yes, you can drink a red wine with a white meat if the flavor profile demands it).


Food + Wine


The Combos: A Failsafe Food and Wine Pairing Chart


Now that you know the basics, where should you start? Think back to that one bottle of wine you have in your pantry. What is it? Read on for some great pairings to help you decide what you should be eating tonight. Use this chart to help you determine what flavor profiles to stick to, what foods and cheeses pair nicely, and what foods to avoid no matter what you’re drinking. 


Wine and Food Pairing Infographic


Thirsty for more? Check out our Whiskey and Food Pairing Guide here.



RJ Firchau



SOURCE: THE GENTLEMANUAL
Kayode Ojo
Kayode Emmanuel Ojo is the Co-Founder and Managing Director at SHEFFA Limited. He is presently studying Computer Science at the National Open University, Victoria Island, Lagos.