Women’s History Month: 14 Females Who Ran For President

Tipping our hats to those all
over the spectrum


Written by Hana Brannigan

Happy Women’s History Month.
To celebrate, we’d like to
recognize the extraordinary women who ran for president as part of U.S.
history. These select few span across all ends of the political spectrum, and
they date back way farther than Jill Stein or Hilliary Clinton.
Whether it’s WHM or
International Women’s Day, we encourage a gentlemanly shoutout to the ladies
who’ve worked 24/7 to shape the freedoms we have today. In addition, it also
wouldn’t hurt to impress your date with some of this knowledge.

Victoria Woodhull: First Woman
to Run for President
women who ran for president first woman to run for president victoria woodhull
Election Year: 1872
Party: Equal Right’s Party
Core Campaign Message: Women’s
rights and labor reforms, “Free love” meaning liberty to marry and divorce,
equal rights for Black Americans
Before Running for President:
She was a leader in the Women’s Suffrage Movement, an author, and politician
Eventually Lost Presidency to:
Ulysses S. Grant, 18th president of the United States
Overall Major Accomplishments:
  • Woodhull established the Equal
    Right’s Party, and her presidential running mate was Frederick Douglas
  • She started the first
    woman-run stock brokerage company, with financial assistance from Cornelius
    Vanderbilt
  • She published Woodhull and
    Claflin’s Weekly with her sister, a publication that was focused on birth
    control rights and free love



Belva Lockwood: First Woman to
Appear on Official Ballot

women who ran for president Belva Lockwood- First Woman to Appear on Official Ballot
Election Year: 1884 and 1888
Party: Equal Right’s Party
Core Campaign Message: Women
and minority rights
Before Running for President:
She was an attorney, educator, politician, and author
Eventually Lost Presidency to:
Chester A. Arthur,  21st President of the
United States, and Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th President of the United
States
Overall  Major Accomplishments:
  • First woman attorney to be
    given the privilege to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court (she petitioned
    Congress for this)
  • Lobbied a bill so female
    federal employees would get paid the same as male federal employees
  • Helped represent a case for
    the Cherokees, winning them a $5 million reimbursement from the government



Margaret Chase Smith: First
Woman to Enter Nomination for a Major Party

women who ran for president Margaret Chase Smith- First Woman to Enter Nomination for a Major Party
Election Year: 1964
Party: Republican Party
Core Campaign Message:
Moderate Republican, Equal Rights for women
Before Running for President:
She was the Republican U.S. Representative and Senator for Maine, the first
woman to serve in both houses. She was also one of the first Republicans to
speak out against McCarthyism
Eventually Lost Presidency to:
Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th President of the United States; she lost the primaries
to Republican Senator Barry Goldwater
Overall Major Accomplishments:
  • Served in the House and
    Senate, making her the first woman to serve in all chambers of Congress
  • Longest-serving female Senator
    in history at that point (surpassed in 2011)
  • Co-created the Equal Rights
    Amendment to improve the status of women in the military, which later won her
    the Presidential Medal of Freedom.


Charlene Mitchell: First
African American Woman to Run for President

women who ran for president Charlene Mitchell- First Black Woman to Run for President
Election Year: 1968
Party: Communist Party U.S.A.
Core Campaign Message:
International socialism, women’s rights, and civil rights
Before Running for President:
She was a political activist and an influential leader of the Communist Party
U.S.A.
Eventually Lost Presidency to:
Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States
Overall Major Accomplishments:
  • Although she only made it on
    two state ballots, she was the first African American woman to run for
    president
  • She organized anti-segregation
    pickets and sit-ins since the age of 13
  • Lead activism for
    Pan-Africanism, a movement aimed at strengthening the bond between all people
    of African descent around the world


Shirley Chisholm: First Black
Woman to Enter Nomination for a Major Party

women who ran for president shirley chrisholm first black woman democratic party
Election Year: 1972
Party: Democratic Party
Core Campaign Message: Women’s
rights and civil rights
Before Running for President:
First Black woman nominated to Congress, New York Representative, educator,
author
Eventually Lost Presidency to:
Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States; she lost the primaries to
George McGovern
Overall Major Accomplishments:
  • First female African American
    elected into Congress, in which she ended up serving seven terms
  • First African American
    nominated for a major national party, and the first woman to run for the
    Democratic Party
  • Her autobiography, Unbought
    and Unbossed, became a Feminist mantra
  • She was posthumously awarded
    the Presidential Medal of Freedom



Patsy Mink: First Minority
Woman Elected to Congress
women who ran for president patsy mink first minority woman elected to congress
Election Year: 1972
Party: Democratic Party
Core Campaign Message:
Anti-war, Education, Women’s Rights, Environmentalism
Before Running for President:
She was an attorney, U.S. Representative for Hawaii
Eventually Lost Presidency to:
Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States; she lost the primaries to
George McGovern
Overall Major Accomplishments:
  • First minority woman to be
    elected into Congress
  • Served as president of
    Americans for Democratic Action
  • Lead the Early Childhood
    Education Act, Women’s Education Equality Act, and the Higher Education Act
  • She was posthumously awarded
    the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Obama



Linda Jenness: Raised Issues
of Ballot Access Standards

women who ran for president linda jenness ballot access standards
Election Year: 1972
Party: Socialist Workers Party
Core Campaign Message:
Communism, solidarity work, and support for Cuba
Eventually Lost Presidency to:
Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States
Jenness did not make it onto
the Georgia ballot because she was unable to collect enough signatures (her
party had less than 90,000 people). This historical controversy continues to
bring the issue of Georgia’s ballot access standards to the forefront. She was
31 at the time and continues to support the SWP today.
Lenora Fulani: First Woman to
Achieve Ballot Access in All 50 States
women who ran for president Lenora Fulani ballot access

Election Year: 1988 and 1992
Party: New Alliance Party
Core Campaign Message: Racial
equality, gay rights, and political reform
Before Running for President:
She was a psychologist, psychotherapist, and political activist
Eventually Lost Presidency to:
Ronald Regan, 40th President of the United States, George H. W. Bush, 41st
President of the United States
Overall Major Accomplishments:
  • She received the most votes
    for President among all female candidates throughout history, until Jull Stein
    in 2012.
  • Led the formation of the
    Committee for a Unified Independent Party
  • Plays a large role in the New
    York Institute for Social Therapy and Research



Jill Stein: Woman Who’s Won
Most General Election Votes in History
women who ran for president jill stein

Election Year: 2012 and 2016
Party: Green Party
Core Campaign Message: Climate
change, health care reformation, human rights
Before Running for President:
She was a physician and environmental activist

Eventually Lost Presidency to:
Barack Obama, 44th Presdient of the United States, Donald Trump, 45th President
of the United States
Overall Major Accomplishments:

  • An aggressive spokesperson for
    environmental issues, which got her arrested quite a few times:
  1. First Protesting foreclosures
    at a bank sit-in
  2. Then, trying to break into a
    presidential debate at Hofstra University, which excluded third parties
  3. Then again, delivering food
    and supplies to environmental activists
  4. And once more, spraypainting a
    bulldozer during a protest.
  • Takes the title of the female
    candidate with the most general election votes in history

Hillary Clinton: First Woman
to Participate in Presidential Debates

women who ran for presdient hillary clinton

Election Year: 2008 and 2016

Party: Democratic Party

Core Campaign Message:
Middle-class income reform, women’s rights, campaign finance reform, and the
Affordable Care Act reform

Before Running for President:
She was a U.S. Senator from New York, and First Lady of the United States
during Clinton’s term

Eventually Lost Presidency to:
Barack Obama, 44th Presdient of the United States, Donald Trump, 45th President
of the United States

Overall Major Accomplishments:
First woman to win the popular
vote
Aided in passing the Iran Nuclear
Deal


Elizabeth Warren: 2020
Candidate


women who ran for president elizabeth warren 2020
Election Year: 2o2o

Party: Democratic Party

Core Campaign Message:
Progressive goals, consumer protection, economic opportunity, social safety net

Before Running for President:
She currently serves as a senior U.S. Senator from Massachusettes, and she was
a prominent scholar in bankruptcy law

Now Running against: Donald
Trump, 45th President of the United States

Kirsten Gillibrand: 2020
Candidate

women who ran for president kristen gillibrand 2020

Election Year: 2o2o

Party: Democratic Party

Core Campaign Message: Unity
between Democrats and Republicans, Women’s Rights, health care reform,
education, job training

Before Running for President:
She is a New York Lawmaker known for #MeToo advocacy

Now Running against: Donald
Trump, 45th President of the United States





Amy Klobuchar: 2020 Candidate

women who ran for president amy klobuchar 2020

Election Year: 2o2o

Party: Democratic Party

Core Campaign Message:
Pragmatism, Moderate Democratic goals, keeping campaign promises

Before Running for President:
She was an attorney and currently serves as senior United States Senator from
Minnesota

Now Running against: Donald
Trump, 45th President of the United States





Kamala Harris: 2020 Candidate

women who ran for president kamala harris 2020


Election Year: 2020
Party: Democratic

Core Campaign Message:
Affordable education and housing, Medicare for all, immigration rights,
middle-class tax cuts

Before Running for President:
She currently serves as the U.S. Senator from California. She was the District
Attorney for San Francisco and the General Attorney for California. Harris has
been a leader in local, state, and federal governments.

Now Running against: Donald
Trump, 45th President of the United States
So that’s the list so far.
It’s clear that women’s impact in politics has grown a lot in the last 148
years, and we wonder where it’s going in the next 100.

Hana Brannigan




SOURCE: THE GENTLEMANUAL
Kayode Ojo
Kayode Emmanuel Ojo is the Co-Founder and Managing Director at SHEFFA Limited. He is presently studying Computer Science at the National Open University, Victoria Island, Lagos.